Estimating Smoothly Varying Open Boundary Conditions for a 3D Internal Tidal Model with an Improved Independent Point Scheme
Title: Estimating Smoothly Varying Open Boundary Conditions for a 3D Internal Tidal Model with an Improved Independent Point Scheme
Journal: Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 35: 1299-1311
Authors: JIANG D., H. -B. Chen, G. -Z. Jin, and X. -Q. Lv*
Abstract: An improved independent point (IP) scheme was proposed to estimate the open boundary conditions (OBCs) for a 3D internal tidal model through assimilating the TOPEX/Poseidon (T/P) altimeter data. Under the assumption that the OBCs were spatially and smoothly varying, values at a set of independent points along the open boundary were inverted using the adjoint method and values at other points were interpolated by the spline method. The scheme was calibrated through idealized experiments where the M2 tidal constituent in the northern South China Sea was simulated. The OBCs can be successfully inverted with the improved scheme and were better in spatial smoothness than the results obtained with the Cressman interpolation when embedded in the IP scheme. Simulations in realistic domains showed that the errors between simulations and observations were smaller when the spline interpolation was employed instead of the Cressman interpolation. Three boundary conditions of spline interpolation were used in simulations in realistic domains, and the result of the periodic boundary condition had the smallest error compared with the first and second boundary conditions.