Progress in Chinese Research on Water Masses and Circulation in the Arctic and Subarctic Ocean
Title: Progress in Chinese Research on Water Masses and Circulation in the Arctic and Subarctic Ocean
Journal: Advances in Polar Science, 28(2):91-99, doi: 10.13679/j.advps.2017.2.00091
Authors: CAO Y.*, J. -P. Zhao, and Q. -L. Shao
Abstract: The Arctic Ocean and Arctic sea ice have undergone a series of rapid changes. Oceanographic surveying has become one of the key missions of the Chinese National Arctic Research Expeditions since 1999. Using the data obtained in these surveys and from other sources, Chinese researchers have carried out a series of studies in the field of Arctic physical oceanography. The Near Sea-surface Temperature Maximum, freshwater content and heat flux in different regions of the Arctic have drawn wide attention from Chinese researchers. Arctic circulation is changing with the decline of sea ice, which is also influencing the structure and distribution of water masses. Studies have also focused on these issues. In this paper, the main results of research on water masses, currents, the structure of the upper ocean and other major hydrological phenomena over the past two decades are summarized.